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Author: Mr. Dan
Posted on: 04:21:39 Tue, 26 Nov 2019


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Government OBJ

A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are attained, through democracy, oligarchy and autocracy

(i) Sovereignty in the hands of the people: The power of a republican government emanates from the people. The people elect the government through a general election. The government of the day generally exists for the benefit of the people. The people are dissatisfied with the performance of the government, they can remove or replace the during the next general elections. Sovereignty therefore lies in the hands of the people.

(ii) Fixed Term of Office: In a republican system of government, the constitution prescribes a fixed term of office for the president, usually, four years, but in some cases five or even seven years. The mandate of the president can be renewed only once, after which the president can no longer be constitutionally be elected. Another person must offer him or herself to be elected.

(iii) Periodic Elections: In a republic system of government, elections are conducted periodically and all political positions are contested for by individuals. For example Ghana and the United States, among other republican countries organize general elections every four years.
(iv) Universal Adult Suffrage: In a republican system of government, elections are held on the basis of universal adult suffrage. This means all qualified adult voters are allowed to cast their ballots.
(v) Supremacy of the constitution: In a republican system of government, the constitution is the supreme law of the land. Any other law found to be inconsistent with any provision of the constitution can be challenged in the court of law. If proven, such law is declared null and void.


(Number 4)

(i)Good government: If the government policies are best intentioned ,the people will continue to have trust and confidence in such government. For example ,in the areas of providing social amenities and infrastructure ,maintenance of law and order and rule of law in place.

(ii)Customs and tradition: Respect for established customs and traditions of the society can help to sustain or determine legitimacy eg hereditary as in the Bristish monarchy

(iii)Ideology : The ability of the government to uphold the tenets of the states ideology will help determine legitimacy eg communism in China and capitalism in USA

(iv)Foreign policy objectives: The extent of foreign policy objectives initiated by a country determines the level of acceptance given it by other countries

(v)Good and Reliable leadership: legitimacy may be accorded a leader if he performs creditably in office

(vi)Legitimacy through periodic elections: A free and fair election is a symbol of legitimacy and it registers the support of the people.
{Pick any 6}
(i) The NCNC and its organ the West African Pilot lent its political muscle to the general strike of 1945.
(ii) The party played the role of uniting the Nigerian nationalists in the fight for selfgovernment for Nigeria.
(iii) Its political education helped to raise the political consciousness of the people of Nigeria.
(iv) The party mounted vigorous protest campaign against the deficiencies of the Richard Constitution of 1946.
(v) The NCNC raised the funds which were used in sending protest delegation against 1946 constitution to London.
(vi) The party played significant roles at the constitutional conferences that led to the independence of Nigeria.
(vii) The NCNC formed the first regional government of Eastern Region and contributed greatly to its development.
(viii) The significant contributions of the NCNC made it to be tagged party of the masses.
(ix) It formed coalition government with the NPC in 1960 and produced the first president.
(i) Fairness Among Different Ethnic Groups:The government should embrace fairness in order to eliminate the issue of favoritism in Nigeria.

(ii) Removal Of Indigene And Non-Indigene Separation; For a proper development of federalism in Nigeria, there should be a removal of indigene and non-indigene dichotomy from the constitution. It is really Abad idea for nation-building and national integration to see fellow Nigerians, whom were born and may have lived in a place all their lives, apply for a job and be rejected.

(iii) The Practice Of Fiscal Federalism; According to Chris Attah, such practice is the panacea to the problems plaguing Nigeria and its development. Attah said that if the government accepts fiscal federalism, most of Nigeria’s problems would be solved.

(iv) Equal Decentralization Of Power: The federalism in Nigeria has structured in a way that the Central government holds more power than the state government. Which is not supposed to be so. There should be an equal distribution of power between the federal and the state government.

(v) Review Of Federal Character Principles:what does this mean? It implies mean it should not just adhere to with insincerity or with a lenient hand rather a strict and core action should be seen to the full implementation and allow fair entitlement among all ethnic groups in the country.

(vi) Promotion Of States Internal Revenue: For a well-defined federalism to be practiced in Nigeria, each level of government should have enough resources and funds to perform its project without appealing to the other level of government for financial assistance.

i) The Press: Newspapers played an effective role in awakening the minds of Nigerians towards the struggle for self-rule, e.g. West-African Pilot and Lagos Daily News. This, in turn, caused an increase in the activity of the press in the country.
ii) Constitutional Change: Nationalism resulted in the reform of most of the colonial constitutions. This change was necessary in order to involve Nigerians in the affairs of the country.
iii) Political Education: One of the effects of nationalism is the encouragement it gave to political education and training of future leaders. People were also educated on their political rights.
Iv) Independence: Nationalism or nationalists’ activities led to the independence of Nigeria on the 1 st of October, 1960.

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